This book initially addresses conceptual underpinnings of planning and development. The first section of the book specifically discusses planning as a development concept, planning as procedural method, planning as tool for resource allocation and evolution of planning thought in development discourse. The next phase systematically discusses levels of planning, aspects of planning, forms of planning and sectors of planning. Also, simplified explanations are offered for Linear Programming, Input-Output Model, Demographic Model (Arithmetic and Exponential Models) and Forecasting (Time-Series and Forecasting) Model. Other topical areas covered by this book are: development planning process, Planning Process Model, Stages of Development Planning Process, Features of Planning Process and Implications of Planning Process for Development Policy. Furthermore, Principles of Effective Participation and its rationale in Planning Process are discussed.
This manuscript offers a critical understanding of ‘development’ in general and urban development planning in particular in India. Colonial urban planning kept influencing and shaping the development and future of cities. Independent India made a new beginning through strong belief in socialistic urban development and policy planning but it neglected the complex urban realities. Comprehensive-rational planning approach could not work well for socio-culturaly diverse urban places. Development seems have been exclusionary in practices due to which urban majority live in poor localities with inadequate social infrastructure and lack of basic services. Major cities have been facing severe crisis in terms of civic amenities, infrastructure, public transport,and other facilities. Though neoliberalization reinforces inequalities and uneven development in Indian cities but it can play an important role in revitalizing urban planning and materializing governance practices for inclusive development and urban sustainability.
Development planning is an essential component for rapid development in developing and emerging country. Despite its worldwide popularity, it is a much debated, hotly discussed and controversial subject among economists and development practitioners. The text book is derived from teaching materials developed by various scholars over the years to acquaint undergraduate students about the subject matter. The text book is appropriate to undergraduate students of economics department and organized under three chapters. Chapter one is designed to acquaint students with the concept and character of development planning, including its justification and relevance across space and time. It further assesses on controversies associated to its practice, and the observed shortcomings of planning practice. Chapter two discuss on common menu of development plans. Chapter three will further elaborate about governing principles and basic techniques of development planning.
Physical Planning ensures compatible land uses, guarantees orderly development and provides functional and visually pleasing environment and satisfactory services in a sustainable manner. The inadequacy in physical planning management led to Non Adoption and Utilization of Modern Planning Approaches, Outdated and Outmoded land use Planning Policies, Laws and Regulations, Inadequate Manpower, Planning Data, Master Planning, Poor and Inadequate Funding, Inadequate Institutional Framework for land management and Development Control within settlements in Nigerian cites. This book therefore canvassed for immediate involvement of urban development policy coupled with series of legislation and regulations that would facilitate development control.
This book outlines some useful guidelines for LED practitioners, development planners, and Local Government Units (LGU) in conducting local resource inventory; in identifying the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities of a local area; and in formulating a strength-based strategy to spur the economic development of an area. The development of the local economy in a decentralized system is a crucial and all-embracing process which justifies the need for close connection between local government authorities and other local development partners. The book demonstrates how to draw from the different development actors in a local area and weave that into the economic development process of the area. The expected role of key stakeholders in LED planning is well articulated and a framework of LED planning is also presented. The book also demonstrates the nexus between LED planning and spatial planning, which reminds development planners that development planning entails both physical and sectoral planning. This means a municipality should have a comprehensive land use plan that would complement its development efforts.
This is a comprehensive text book on human resource development covering theory and practice. It deals with the sub systems of HRD like human resource planning, performance and potential appraisal, career planning and succession planning, training and development, human resource accounting and audit. It also deals with new trends in management development and promoting research in HRD and OD. It will be useful for the students and professionals in the field of management.
Both Zambia and India at independence, in 1964 and 1947 respectively, inherited from British colonial rule drained, structurally disarticulated and backward economies. Both countries embarked on development planning as a strategy through which to overcome the inherited socioeconomic problems. However, by 1991 while India had broken loose of the inherited structural backwardness, Zambia had sunk into an economic malaise of dependence on foreign loans and food aid. A number of factors were responsible for these differences. This book compares the implementation strategies and results of development planning in Zambia and India from independence to 1991. The overall argument of the book is that while development planning did not achieve all the intended objectives in Zambia and India, and while India achieved more benefits than Zambia, development planning as a strategy was beneficial to both countries. Zambia and India used development planning to build up social and economic infrastructure that enabled them to resolve some of the difficult problems inherited at independence. Development planning enabled India, more than Zambia, to gain economic independence or self-reliance.
This text is a culmination of a graduate research work that investigated the role of strategic planning on organizational development in a bid to address the numerous challenges facing organizations today. Forces such as shifting customer tastes and changing technology among others continue to exert pressure on modern day organizations. This work discusses the role of strategic planning on organizational development and shows the extent to which strategic planning has been utilized in Moi University. It also suggests ways in which strategic planning can be improved so as to enhance organizational development. In addition,the text makes reference to certain aspects of public administration and their role in organizational development.
Regional tourism development is no more an isolated process. It encompasses the whole system and its subsystems in which it functions. Therefore, tourism development planning needs an integrated planning approach encompassing all the subsystems of the system, such as, socio-economic, physical, infrastructure, institution, ecology and environment. The authors have made an effort to integrate the major control parameters of all these subsystems, which influence tourism development in a tourism resource rich region (system) with tourism for the development of tourism in the region and the region as whole, where tourism shall act as a catalyst. Systems concept and System Dynamics modelling approach were employed in this tourism development planning process. The authors believe that this concept and the planning approach developed and presented in this book shall provide new avenues to the regional and tourism development planners and policy makers to arrive at judicious and strategic decisions for the development of tourism and the region as a whole in a tourism resource rich region.
Family planning is considered as an essential ingredient of development in the developing world, especially since the 1994 Cairo conference on population and development. Despite its worldwide popularity, it is a much debated, hotly discussed and controversial subject among researchers and development practitioners. In the past few years a holistic health service that recognize the links between poverty, women empowerment, maternal health and contraceptive uptake caught the attention of policy makers and program planners in Ethiopia. The book is a result of the MA thesis research conducted by the author in Ambasel district of Ethiopia in 2006. This qualitative research provides an idiographic explanation about the development implications family planning programs launched in a typical rural setting. The book, which is organized under five chapters, will be of interest of researchers and the development community working locally and globally.
I recommend it read by students, professionals and practitioners , who are closely working in the arena of urban planning particularly it would benefit much for those who are from the developing world. It gives a very insight full clue about the practice of urban planning, the approach types being used and the level of development in the use of urban planning as one tool for bringing about sustainable urban development.
Planning Organization race develops career ladder, race tracks and provides opportunities for professional development .Individual development helps employees identify goals and measures to achieve them. Career expectation of family and friends encouraged him to re-think the idea of a career and decision-making process. Concentration of the race is the combination of structured planning and the choice of asset management devices .Career own career planning is a process by which career goals and the path to those goals is selected. This is a clear choice of career goals and career paths. Career goals are the desired future positions an employee strives to reach most of the race is .career sequential patter of jobs during .career career planning is an ongoing process. Professional Development analyzes the effectiveness and long-term career success of employees. Employee training and development is focused on performance in intermediate time frames.
How is India planning its rapidly growing cities and surrounding regions? In what ways does the contemporary planning approach differ from spatial development policies and practices adopted in the Nehruvian decades immediately following the countrys independence in 1947? This book provides a lucid overview of fine-grained changes in spatial planning policies and practices that are beginning to shape Indias existing and emergent settlements in unprecedented ways.