The experiment was to observe the effect of integration of fertilizer and manure on the performance of Boro rice under the SRI method. The experiment included ten treatments of rice production method viz. conventional method (CM) with recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF); CM with cowdung (CD) @15t/ha; CM with CD @5 t/ ha+RDF; SRI+CD @15 t/ha; SRI+CD @10 t/ha; SRI+CD @ 10 t/ha+50% RDF; SRI+CD @ 5 t/ha+100% RDF; SRI+100% RDF; SRI+150% RDF; SRI+100% RDF+ biofertilizer. The results indicated that all crop characters except number of non-bearing tillers/hill, sterile spikelets/panicle and harvest index were significantly influenced due to integration of fertilizer and manure. The SRI method performed better than conventional method. Among the SRI, integration of fertilizer and manure and fertilizer more than 100% of the recommended rate produced the highest grain yield. The results showed that the best option for the cultivation of Surjomoni rice variety under SRI method during the Boro season was 10 t ha-1 cowdung with 50% of the RDF obtain the highest grain yield .This integration not only reduced the production cost but also had a long term impact on improvement of soil properties.
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) has been adopted by many resource poor farmers. In Cambodia approximately 80.000 farmers practice some sort of SRI andfarmers are able to increase their rice yields with lower input costs. SRI is based on transplantingone seedling per hill as opposed to several for traditional rice and managing a drying and floodingregime of the soil leading to alternately anaerobic and aerobic conditions.The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of SRI on the farmers’ livelihood situation, potentials of increasing the soil Carbon pool and mitigation ofgreenhouse gases. The target farmers were able to increase their rice yields significantly using SRI as compared totheir traditional rice fields. Traditional rice fields yielded 2.19 t ha-1 and SRI fields yielded3.53 t ha-1 respectively. The main reason seems to be the use of only one seedling per hill thusreducing the competition for nutrients. Main constraints for further development of SRI would be the lack of highamounts of biomass.
System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is considered as a novel and improved practice to raise rice production constrained by several factors. The book presents a comprehensive review on SRI. The performance of cultivars in relation to methods of planting (SRI and conventional transplanting) and the effect of FYM when used alone or in integrated manner on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rice is presented.
Rice being most important cereal with the challenge to improve its production to meet demanding situation. A study was conducted to assess the impact of result demonstration on SRI adoption in Gunjanagar VDC of Chitwan. The findings revealed that only six respondents had been continued to follow SRI whereas in most of the statements related to the SRI, the respondents disagreed and were unsatisfied. Lack of information, alternate SRI techniques and suitable land were the reasons to have low level of adoption of SRI. The findings also revealed low level of supervision of the extension. Overall implementation of result demonstration was very weak that somehow seemed unsuccessful to bring forward SRI as an effective method of rice production. The individual factors such as curiosity, willingness, and interest to the innovation motivate farmers towards the use of SRI rather than other external and socio-economic factors. Relevant trainings on SRI, proper selection and execution of teaching methods and prior supply of the informative materials through progressive farmers, field level extension workers, radio etc enhances SRI to improve rice production.
Sri Lanka, torn by decades of war, internal strife, and repression exemplifies the extent to which human rights and peace in any nation could be endangered. Since mid-1970s, the threat posed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to the national integrity of Sri Lanka was recognized, and the Government of Sri Lanka has responded forcefully and decisively. In the process of eliminating the threat posed by the LTTE to the national integrity of the nation, widespread abuses of human rights occurred. The book reveals various forms of human rights abuses perpetrated by the Government of Sri Lanka and the LTTE while pursuing their goals. The book also analyzes the various allegations of human rights abuses against the GOSL and the LTTE.
This research specially investigates the Sri Lankan audit opinions and its’ effect to the investors’ decision making and this study’s final consequence is robust the notion of the audit opinions are not informative value to the investors’ decisions in Sri Lanka.Here discernible thing is that the investors’ do not concern about the auditing. This all result finalized and show the conclusion that the Sri Lankan investors have less knowledge behind the auditing. The novel knowledge is the all audit opinions are promulgating in Sri Lanka is not influenced to the investors in Sri Lanka in order to make investment decisions.
Revision with unchanged content. Independent SRI rating agencies are relatively new players in the socially responsible investment (SRI) market that have first emerged in the 1990s. Their presence can be seen as a result of the growing demand from institutional investors for independent research on corporate social responsibility. What are the historical roots of SRI and which factors have led to the emergence of this new business model? Robert Gehrcke introduces the reader to the subject by giving a presentation of the history and the current structure of the SRI market. The initial analysis is used to explain the emergence of independent SRI rating agencies and the vast variety of methodological approaches. One of them, Oekom’s Corporate Responsibility Rating, is presented in detail. An interview part with representatives from different SRI rating agencies goes deeper into current issues of transparency and standardisation of methodologies. The book is aimed at people with an interest in the SRI market in general and independent rating processes in particular. It provides useful analyses for institutions like unions, associations, NGOs and foundations which are associated with sustainable investment.
The full-colour The Rough Guide to Sri Lanka is quite simply the best guide available to this beguiling - and fast-changing - country. Lavishly illustrated, with more maps than any other guidebook, it contains practical advice on all of Sri Lanka's main attractions, from the white-sand beaches of the south and east coasts through the cool heights of the verdant Hill Country to the magnificent ancient cities of the north. It also offers comprehensive listings on the best places to stay, eat, drink and shop for travellers on all budgets. The most comprehensive guidebook on the market, the fully updated The Rough Guide to Sri Lanka is the ideal traveller's companion, with handy itineraries and highlights sections to help you plan your trip.Make the most of your holiday with The Rough Guide to Sri Lanka.
The System of Rice Intensification(SRI) is an agro-ecological methodology for increasing the productivity of irrigated rice by changing the management of plants, soil, water and nutrients. Weed infestation is regarded as one of the major causes of low crop yields throughout the world and can cause 50-60% reduction in grain yield under puddled conditions and 91% yield reduction in non-puddled conditions. The issue of weeding is always important because it entails costs as well as benefit. The higher amount of labour for weeding is one of the most criticized aspects of SRI. Viewing these facts, a field experiment was conducted at a farmer’s field at Shivanagar-3, Chitwan, Nepal during the rainy season of 2008 A.D. The study recommends to use the variety Ram and follow three soil-aerating weedings as weed control practice for rice cultivation along with the other elements for crop management under SRI where there are assured facilities for irrigation and drainage. The findings of this study should be useful to farmers, researchers, development workers, policy makers or anyone who may consider the optimum, efficient and effective use of limited inputs for producing higher yield.
India is the world’s second largest rice producer, accounting for more than 20% of global production. However, there is still food insecurity for millions of Indian households, and the cost of maintaining the huge current subsides for fertilizer, power and other inputs as well as price subsides is a great fiscal burden for the nation. Under these circumstances, the opportunities offered by the system of the rice intensification [SRI] and its extensions to crop production in many areas should be considered. At the present the productivity effects of SRI management have been demonstration in 42 countries round the world. In India about 1.7 million farmers are estimated to have adopted the technique on more than 7.5 lake hectares across 160 districts. Tamil Nadu and Tripura are the leading states for adoption of SRI, but many others are following suit. In this project the economic status of SRI and Non SRI farmers in Thoothukuidi district was studied. Three villages viz,. Padmanathamangalam. Ponnakurichi, Petmanagaram was selected for study and the farmers in those villages, both SRI and Non SRI, were interviewed.
Unmet need for Family Planning has become one of the widely discussed reproductive health issues for decades, especially focusing the developing world. This book provides a comprehensive description on prevalence and correlates of unmet need for family planning in Sri Lanka. It also assesses the effect of community based health education intervention in reducing unmet need for modern methods of family planning among ever married sexually active women in the reproductive age (15-49 years). Although Sri Lanka has achieved highest health indicators in relation to maternal and child health in the South East Asian region, the effect of unintended pregnancies has a great impact on further reduction of maternal morbidity and mortality. Hence, identification of the extent and the nature of population at risk of unintended pregnancies and client friendly interventions to reduce unmet need would help policy makers in formulation of preventive strategies. Avoidance of physical, social and psychological ill effects of unsafe abortions by way of reducing unmet need will contribute in achieving maximum maternal well being and fifth Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal deaths.
Mobile devices have evolved from luxury item to human necessity in the modern human lives .Today most of the industries are using mobile devices to carry out their daily activities more effectively and easily. Even though other professions had move forward with technologies in Sri Lanka, the Education system still depend on traditional learning methods where undergraduates are still depend on their lectures to achieve good results.To overcome these problems m-learning has been introduced to higher education system. This technology can be used anywhere and anytime. Popularity of m-learning has been growing up but still that is a new concept to Sri Lankan education system. Before introducing this technology to Sri Lankan education system researches should identify whether the students and lectures would accept this technology or not. Through this research researcher will identify what are the factors that effect to the acceptance of m-learning in Sri Lanka. Researcher will describes the factors that effect to make m-learning in Sri Lanka using UTAUT model and prototype tool for m-learning which can used anywhere at anytime.
Much of the existing literature on Sri Lanka’s India relations deals with the problem in the wider context of foreign policy objectives of India. As regards the attitude of Sri Lanka towards India, no full-length study has yet been undertaken on the subject since 1965.In this context, this work is an attempt to deal with this in the light of the interplay of domestic compulsions, regional dynamics and global configuration.