The present investigation was developed to evaluate the ethnopharmacological activities of some members of family Moraceae. The selected plants were Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa, Ficus glomerata, Morus indica and Morus laevigata. Ethnopharmacological activities were carried out by the preparation of aqueous and methanolic extracts of different parts of these selected plants. For ethnopharmacological activities, the dried leaves of Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa and Ficus glomerata, dried fruits and leaves of Morus indica and Morus laevigata were extracted with water and methanol for anti-emetic activity anthelmintic, antiallergy and antibacterial activities.
The work describes the isolation of some tetranortriterpenoids from meliaceae family along with their characterization using NMR, Single crystal X-ray Diffraction studies etc. Chemical modifications of some selected molecules have been reported and the antifeedant activity of all molecules have been assayed against spodoptura litura.Finally, some insilico studies were carried out, which pointed to some molecular parameters (descriptors) that might be responsible for the antifeedant activity of these molecules
Owing to the great diversity of the morphology, habit and habitats of fishes which is almost related to diversity of the structure and anatomy of the animals'organs and systems and due to few studies furnish information about the centraland peripheral nervous system; this book deals with the anatomy of the cranial nerves of one teleost fish of the members of family Cyprinidae.The family Cyprinidae is the most diverse family of the freshwater fishes in the world with at least 210 genera and over 2010 species.
The pollen morphological descriptions and illustrations are available for use in palynological investigations and plant taxonomic studies. Since many of the palynological studies are based on the detailed knowledge of the pollen morphology, in this study the pollen morphology of some of the members of the family Rosaceae and Polygonaceae was examined. We hope this study will contribute to the preparation of pollen atlas of Darjeeling Hills, India. Pollen grains belonging to these species were examined with light Photomicroscope (LM) as well as Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) (for some species of Rosaceae) as regards some morphological features, principally: pollen shape; size; aperture characters; sculpture and structure of the exine. This study provides some insight into the features useful for pollen identification and problems that may be encountered when differentiating pollen of related taxa. Since last few decades, morpho-systamatic studies have contributed to the evaluation of many taxonomomic systems. This approach of the different species and genus under the family would be needed to evaluate the classification of Rosaceae and Polygonaceae proposed by various authors.
In this ethnopharmacological study, the ethanolic extract of the whole plant parts (root, stem and leaves) of Cayratia trifolia (Linn.) Domin. (Family Vitaceae) was investigated for bioactivities; namely analgesic, antioxidant, cytotoxicity, antimicrobial, antihelmintic and hypoglycemic activity. In light of the available literature, this study represents the first experimental investigation of biological activities of Cayratia trifolia in the perspective of their traditional use.
In vitro and In silico studies in some Convolvulaceae members is an experimental overview from Basics to advanced studies in the areas of Plant biotechnology, Microbiology, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics. The practical approaches can be helpful in preservation of endangered plant species and medicinal plants, which are important to the human kind. Due to increasing resistance of Microbes to antibiotics, the phytocompounds may provide the outlook in the control of dangerous microbes and cure diseases. The isolation of primary and secondary metabolites can provide economically beneficial compounds, which can act against diseases such as D2M, Obesity, Alzheimer and Parkinson. The book covers the basic concepts regarding the experimental usage of phytocompounds in medicine. The topic is mainly concentrated on three Convolvulaceae members such as Evolvulus alsinoides (or Convolvulus alsinoides), Evolvulus nummularius and Merrimia tridentata.
The book provides detail diversity and taxonomy of Moraceous species in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India. This book can be used as a comprehensive guide for the identification and understanding the detail characters of Moraceae family. The unexplored distribution status of the family and variations among and within the species in Arunachal Pradesh make this book a unique adventure. The book provides distribution status of more than 60 species of the family in the state.The present taxonomic enumeration of the Moraceae is the first complete systematic account of the family with complete distributional records and characterization supported through dichotomous key have not been found in any of the taxonomic work from the the North East region of India. Besides key and characterization of species, another important aspect included in the book is the examination of nomenclatural anomalies for inclusion of correct name of all the species through consultation of some of the recent publications and data bases. Hence, the book helps in understanding the diversity and taxonomy of the family in the state of Arunachal Pradesh and Eastern Himalayan Region as well.
Family Business is a business that is owned, controlled and operated by the members of one or more family members. Family Businesses are conducted generation after generation. Usually in the Family Business family members are at the top management in the businesses and they employ people from outside for work in the organisation. Family business is that business in which a majority of the ownership or control in the hand of family members. Family business is the complex system. With the modernisation in corporate world the family business face various challenges like Succession issues, Identity development and Sibling rivalry, Technical problem, Competition, Have unfair reward system, Difficulties to attract outsider professional. The Indian family business is mostly managed by the owner of the business and maximum number of business in India is centralized. Most of the family business is controlled by the creator of business and the head of the business. Now day’s India has the highest share of family businesses in Asia and 663 out of 993 were listed family businesses in India.
There is growing interest in the impact of patients' illness on the quality of life of family members. Much of the previous research focuses on the impact on family members who are also carers, or is restricted to one disease or disease area. This book describes the conceptualisation, development and validation of the first generic quality of life measure for family members, the Family Reported Outcome Measure (FROM-16). The book presents the findings of a literature review looking at current research into the area of family quality of life and highlights the need for a generic family measure. The process and results of interviews with 126 family members are discussed, and the development and validation processes of the measure are described in detail, including Item Response Theory and Classical Test Theory. Finally, this book details the potential uses of the FROM-16 and the challenges faced by clinicians, researchers and society in measuring family quality of life.
Critical illness and the admission of a family member to an intensive care unit is an extremely stressful experience that may result in an emotional turmoil, high level of stress, role conflict, interruption of normal home routines, and potential changes in relationships among patients and family members. This phenomenological study explored the lived intensive care unit experiences of nurses, patients and family members during critical illness in the intensive care unit using a purposive sample of five participants from each category. Content analysis of narratives elucidated that the patient''s experiences as it relates to finding meaning during critical illness is centered on obtaining support from their families and professionalism from the nurse. Adaptation in the intensive care unit, as experienced by nurses, patients and family members integrates family as a unit, physical care, physiological care and psychosocial support resulting in transformation. Future studies should be done to further explore the patient-family-nurse experience during critical illness in the intensive care unit.
This work deals with some biosystematical studies on certain species of the family lamiaceae (Labiatae) in Egypt. A taxonomic revision of the genus Teucrium L. was carried out. The distribution of trichomes on different plant organs were also surveyed. Leaf architecture, diversity and the range of variation present among a total of 34 species, including 8 subspecies selected from the member species of Lamiaceae in Egypt were investigated. This work is the first to use RAPD marker to assess the genetic similarity among the four species of the genus Teucrium in Egypt. The results revealed the presence of 5 Teucrium species in Egypt, including 2 subspecies and 4 varieties.
The members of the S100 protein family are multifunctional proteins expressed in a diverse spectrum of tissues. However, they are calcium sensor proteins and through interaction with several intracellular effectors proteins they contribute to the regulation of a broad range of functions such as contraction, motility, cell growth and differentiation, cell cycle progression, organization of membrane-associated cytoskeleton elements, cell survival, apoptosis, protein phosphorylation, and secretion. S100 family members display remarkable diversity of function, exhibiting direct interaction with tubulins, intermediate filaments, actin, myosin and tropomyosin. Some of these processes have been implicated in mediating metastasis.
This book examines family planning in India. It explores the significance of marriage, family formation and the stages within it. The author studies some of the factors associated with fertility behavior, such as those of marriage, son preference and 'ideal' family size. The factors underlying fertility behavior in the classical texts in India with special reference to marriage, family, family size and composition are taken into consideration. The book then goes on to evaluate the Family Planning Programs till the Eighth Five Year Plan in this context.
This second edition of John Eekelaar's classic work examines the questions at the heart of family law, rethinking the ideas that shape our understanding of the family as a social unit, its purpose, and the obligations and rights that belong to family members.
Studying family, the central unit of the society, can be taken as studying society at all. This is because of the crucial position of the family in all system levels of the society. There is not any system or institution in the society which has no connection with family. Family itself is a small society where every system operates around it. Family is a place for: Education-where members learn from one another; Economy- where production and consumption takes place; Politics- where there is power relationship among members; Religion-where members worship together; Media and communication-where members exchange information.
The contemporary militaries incessantly engaged in international deployments.This is a necessity that cannot be ignored,considering the interdependency between countries that characterises global village.However,the members deployed on these missions are family members with crucial responsibilities in their families.The deployments removes them from their family systems,compelling families to cope in their absence.In response,some families close ''ranks'',making the separation less disruptive to a family but followed by a difficult reunion.Others leave the ''ranks'' open thereby experiencing a difficult separation that is followed by a smooth reunion. Consequently,some soldiers as a result of the inevitable incompatibility,dichotomise the family and the military.Accordingly,they find the military deployments as a threat to their family system.Some end up refusing to participate in international deployments and some resign as a result of such incompatibility.This common situation threat the operational readiness of the military organisations,especially specialists units that have only limited number of the members in respective fields.