Grafting the Marxian idea that private property is coercive onto the liberal imperative of individual liberty, this new thesis from one of America's foremost intellectuals conceives a revised definition of justice that recognizes the harm inflicted by capitalism's hidden coercive structures. Maps a new frontier in moral philosophy and political theory Distills a new concept of justice that recognizes the iniquities of capitalism Synthesis of elements of Marxism and Liberalism will interest readers in both camps Direct and jargon-free style opens these complex ideas to a wide readership
Robert Conquest has been called by Paul Johnson "our greatest living modern historian." As a new century begins, Conquest offers an illuminating examination of our past failures and a guide to where we should go next. Graced with one of the most acute gifts for political prescience since Orwell, Conquest assigns responsibility for our century’s cataclysms not to impersonal economic or social forces but to the distorted ideologies of revolutionary Marxism and National Socialism. The final, sobering chapters of Reflections on a Ravaged Century concern themselves with some coming storms, notably that of the European Union, which Conquest believes is an economic, cultural, and geographical misconception divisive of the West and doomed to failure.
In the light of Marxism, mainly from the point of view of Lukacs, this book attempts to compare the concept of 'reality' in two great novels that are highly different in style: George Eliot's The Mill On The Floss and James Joyce's Ulysses.Lukacs on the one hand puts the 19th century novelists, including Eliot,on a pedestal and believes that the novels of this period mostly depict true reality. On the other hand, he excoriates strongly the modernist novels such as Ulysses for the use of formal devices, abandonment of a unified perspective, resort to techniques of disruption, and depiction of the alienation and fragmentation of human existence. This book attempts to prove that reality is not absolute,that there are many conceptions of reality but reality itself is the special something that can only be partially rendered by any conception.
The study focuses on the analysis of principle post-modern theories, on their major scholar, such as Walter Benjamin, Jurgen Habermas, Francois Lyotard- and their correlation with social theory. The work is twofold : traditional critic of ideology as sociology of lie on the one hand, sociology of knowledge as sociology of truth on the other. The first deals with constitutive assumptions of Marxism, the second takes a critic about relation between economic liberalism and post-modern thinking. Through Habermas and the idea of modernity as unfinished historical project I see in No-global social movements the claim of an active role of ideologies.
Why do we need a state, and what is a just and reasonable constitution? Why, and under what conditions, should representatives of a majority have the legitimate right to make political decisions? The different answers given by Rawls and Nozick offer good points of reference to answer these questions within the perspective of liberal democracy and personal interests. This book subjects the concept interest to a thorough analysis and compares it with concepts as needs, preferences and values. It opts for a conception of value-based political interests, which should neither be reduced to individual nor to collective interests. The book develops its theses in dialogue with a broad scope of classical and modern political theories. A central role is given to Kantian and Hegelian ideas concerning practical reason and political power, and to Claude Lefort, who’s distinction between the political and the social is opposed to a lot of different approaches which try to reduce politics to an instrument of social struggle and management, which can be found not only in marxism and totalitarianism but also in many varieties of liberal approaches concerning social choice and democracy.
Alister McGrath’s Christian Theology: An Introduction is one of the most internationally-acclaimed and popular Christian theology textbooks in use today. This 5th edition has been completely revised, and now features new and extended material, numerous additional illustrations, and companion resources, ensuring it retains its reputation as the ideal introduction to Christian theology. Fully updated 5th edition of the bestselling textbook, incorporating expanded material, numerous student features and new illustrations Features new sections on Copernicanism and Darwinism Includes extended discussions of Augustine’s doctrine of creation, Trinitarian theologies of religion, and the relation of Christianity to other faiths May be used as a stand-alone volume, or alongside the Christian Theology Reader, 4th edition for a complete overview of the subject Retains the chapter structure of the 4th edition, ensuring comparability with earlier editions and courses based on these Accompanied by a revised instructor’s website featuring expanded resources including study questions and answers; visit www.wiley.com/go/mcgrath for more details and to register for access
Alain Badiou is one of the leading philosophers in the world today. His ground-breaking philosophy is based on a creative reading of set theory, offering a new understanding of what it means to be human by promoting an 'intelligence of change'. Badiou's philosophical system makes our capacity for revolution and novelty central to who we are, and develops an ethical position that aims to make us less anxious about this very capacity. This book presents a comprehensive and engaging account of Badiou's philosophy, including an in-depth discussion of The Theory of the Subject, Being and Event and Logics of Worlds. In a clear and careful analysis, Ed Pluth considers exactly how Badiou's theoretical 'anti-humanism' is linked up to what is, for all intents and purposes, a practical humanism. Central to this is an account of Badiou’s theory of the subject, and his attempt to develop an 'ethic of truths'. The role of set theory, Marxism, and Lacanian psychoanalysis in Badiou's philosophy is also given close attention. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of philosophy, as well as to all those keen to develop a critical understanding of one of the most controversial and important thinkers of the twentieth century.
What are the concepts and principles that underpin the design and delivery of social policies? This thoroughly revised edition of a trusted text provides an authoritative introduction to the theoretical framework of social policy. Drawing upon the fields of politics, sociology and philosophy, the book offers analysis of the history and relevance of a range of core concepts such as equality, liberty, citizenship and power. It explores key ideologies of welfare, including Marxism, Feminism and the Radical Right, and presents critical perspectives on the nature of society and class. A stimulating combination of classic debates and recent developments in the field, this edition: Features an entirely new chapter on the growing influences of global justice and environmentalism Includes thought-provoking new 'Questions for Further Discussion' at the end of each chapter Addresses fundamental issues in contemporary society such as social exclusion, social division and the nature of happiness.Written in a down-to-earth and engaging style, this major text is essential introductory reading for all students of Social Policy, as well as for any student of Sociology, Politics or Public Policy seeking to understand what is at stake in welfare policies of the 21st century.
In International Law and World Order, B. S. Chimni articulates an integrated Marxist approach to international law (IMAIL), combining the insights of Marxism, socialist feminism, and postcolonial theory. The book uses IMAIL to systematically and critically examine the most influential contemporary theories of international law, including new, feminist, realist, and policy-oriented approaches. In doing so, it discusses a range of themes relating to the history, structure, and process of international law. The book also considers crucial world order issues and problems that the international legal process has to contend with, including the welfare of weak groups and nations, the ecological crisis, and the role of human rights. This extensively revised second edition provides an invaluable, in-depth and updated review of the key literature and scholarship within this field of study. It will be of particular interest to students and scholars of international law, international relations, international politics, and global studies.
In this acclaimed biography, Robert Service brings us closer than ever to an understanding of one of the most notorious figures in world history. Drawing on unpublished material from the Moscow archives, personal testimonies and private papers, this book illuminates the man as well as the dictator, placing him truly in the frame of his politics, party and revolution. With unprecedented detail, Service describes Stalin's formative influences - his alcoholic father and devout mother, his Georgian origins, his religious training and his embrace of revolutionary Marxism - and shows how they shaped his later life as a Bolshevik militant, rising party chief and ruthless despot. More importantly, Service ties together Stalin's political intellect, his voracious reading and surprising fondness for composing poetry with his penchant for glory, revenge and mass murder. Accounts of Stalin have been mythologized and distorted, but Robert Service's painstaking research and thirty-year engagement with his subject has allowed him to write a magisterial, shocking and utterly compelling biography of this most extraordinary figure. "Outstanding… will be read for decades" - London Sunday Times. "Service has written a masterly book... No one has shown in more convincing detail Stalin's evolution to the absolute power that corrupts absolutely" - Spectator.
This book undertakes modernization and diversification - two issues of vital relevance to the sustainable economic development of Azerbaijan. This research also analyzes the functionality of the existing linkages between innovation and economic growth through identifying and quantifying major constraints and challenges in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan’s economic modernization and diversification away from dependence on oil and gas is a prority of the government of Azerbaijan. Why doesn't a resource-based approach give a sustainable competitive advantage to economies? The sustainable competitive advantage results from the inimitability, rarity, and non-tradability of intangible resources. So "karaoke capitalism" encourages business to generate originals rather than cover versions. Economic Darwinism proves the importance of innovation-backed development as the single way for survival. Resource-rich countries like Azerbaijan should trade off between autarkic (self-sufficient) and export-oriented models. Favoring the first way leads us to a curse rather than a blessing. In order to avoid the curse of resources,a country such as Azerbaijan should tend to export-oriented development.
Globalization has been contested in recent times. Among the critical perspectives is cosmopolitanism. Yet, with the exception of normative theory, international relations as a field has ignored cosmopolitan thinking. This book redresses this gap and develops a dialogue between cosmopolitanism and international relations. The dialogue is structured around three debates between non-universalist theories of international relations and contemporary cosmopolitan thought. The theories chosen are realism, (post-)Marxism and postmodernism. All three criticize liberalism in the international domain, and, therefore, cosmopolitanism as an offshoot of liberalism. In the light of each school's respective critique of universalism, the book suggests both the importance and difficulty of the cosmopolitan perspective in the contemporary world. Beardsworth emphasizes the need for global leadership at nation-state level, re-embedding of the world economy, a cosmopolitan politics of the lesser violence, and cosmopolitan political judgement. He also suggests research agendas to situate further contemporary cosmopolitanism in international relations theory. This book will appeal to all students of political theory and international relations, especially those who are seeking more articulation of the main issues between cosmopolitanism and its critics in international relations.
The third volume of The Cambridge History of Communism spans the period from the 1960s to the present, documenting the last two decades of the global Cold War and the collapse of Soviet socialism. An international team of scholars analyze the rise of China as a global power continuing to proclaim its Maoist allegiance, and the transformation of the geopolitics and political economy of Cold War conflict in an era of increasing economic interpenetration. Beneath the surface, profound political, social, economic and cultural changes were occurring in the socialist and former socialist countries, resulting in the collapse and transformations of the existing socialist order and the changing parameters of world Marxism. This volume draws on innovative research to bring together history from above and below, including social, cultural, gender, and transnational history to transcend the old separation between Communist studies and the broader field of contemporary history.
In this book, the modes of Marxist alienation, namely the alienation from Self, society, species-being, products and labour are analyzed in the conceptual context of Being and Time. This work expresses that Heideggerian philosophy is not at odds with Marxism on contrary to Adorno’s arguments in The Jargon of Authenticity. Heidegger’s ontologico-existential philosophy could be effective in the analysis of the problem with regard to socio-psychological causes and effects of alienation on which the method of political economy may remain inadequate. In particular, Dasein’s free and authentic self-understanding which gets rid of the suppressive authority of publicness, the unifying idea of the ontological Being-with Others and the phenomenological insight into the nature can introduce a revolutionary perspective into the problems of alienation and mass cultures. In this context, the similarities in the approaches of Marx and Heidegger are discussed in detail. This analysis tries to form a new correlation between Heideggerian and Marxist philosophies and could make use for academics, any researchers on the concept of alieneation as well as the faithful readers Marx, Adorno and Heidegger.
North Central New Mexico (the Valley) has the highest per capita accidental drug overdose death rate in the United States: From 42 to 72 per 100,000 from 1995 to 2006; the USA rate is about 5 per 100,000. This book examines the social forces – race, religion, class, and gender structures – that underpin the epidemic of overdose deaths in the Valley. The 34 interviews of active drug users and 10 interviews of family members and professionals are iteratively analyzed via sociological concepts and literature – Anomic Suicide, post-Marxism, current sociological drug addiction theory, colonialism, historical/cultural trauma, racial and ethnic inequality, and autoethnography. Research design employed both qualitative and quantitative data from the New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator. This mixed method allowed for the triangulation of disparate data. Amongst the profiles of suicide and overdose victims significant overlap was found. Colonization and street-level trauma appear to create a variant of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder termed Cultural-post traumatic stress disorder resulting in high incidence of morbidity and mortality amongst Hispanics in the Valley.
We are often asked, why the implementation pattern of Industrial Relations in the United States is different from the German and why should the application of the Industrial Relations in Japan using other patterns and very different from what is done in the United States and German. More unique in Sweden and Denmark, also implementing a unique and totally different from the pattern applied in Japan and in Germany. The question is: Which pattern of industrial relations that the most effective and can improve productivity and make man the workers is not just as part of the production costs alone. In the application of the Industrial Relations System in the World in general, apply 4 perspectives: 1. Perspective Marxism 2. Perspective Liberalism 3. Social Perspective Democracy 4. Perspective heterodox and implementation in Japan and the Scandinavian Countries. Then the next question in each country, for the future, a more suitable use traditional perspective where? To be able to answer that question it must be reviewed in advance of the market pattern that consists of: - Labor Market Economics (LME) - Coordinated Economic Market (CEM)